Breast Cancer is a type of cancer that develops in the tissues of the breasts. It is primarily divided into two categories:
- Ductal Carcinomas – developing in the milk ducts
- Lobular Carcinomas – developing in the lobes that supply milk to the ducts
Additionally, there are 18 other types of Breast Cancer.
The general causes of the disease include – obesity, lack of exercise, hormone replacement therapy during menopause, ionising radiation, early age menstruation, having no children or having them late, old age and family history (5-10% cases).
The statistics indicate that the cases of Breast Cancer are on the rise, globally as well as in India. Some crucial stats are:
- Breast Cancer is the leading type of cancer in women – with a rate of 25%
- In 2012, 1.68 million women were diagnosed of Breast Cancer 5,22,000 deaths occurred
- In India, 1 of every 28 women has the risk of getting the disease
- In 2012, 1,45,000 women in India were diagnosed with Breast Cancer. Around 61% of these cases are in the age group of 35 to 50
- Proactive check-up is still not a habit in our country. More than 60% of women diagnosed are at stage 3 or 4. This affects the survival rate negatively
There are several treatments available for Breast Cancer. Continuous research is being undertaken. But for survival rates to improve, early detection is necessary. For early detection, proactive check-ups are a must.